Genital warts, sometimes called venereal warts, are a form of sexually transmitted infection (STI) that commonly affects sexually active people under the age of 30. That said, some occurrences of warts have been recorded in older people as well. According to medical studies, women have a higher likelihood of developing genital warts over men. Here, we’ll provide some information on the cause of warts, symptoms, and effective forms of treatment.
What Causes Genital Warts?
Medical studies have established that genital warts are a type of condyloma, genital infection, caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). However, HPV has many strains, and not all of them cause genital warts. Warts start appearing on the genital areas of the body when someone is infected with the virus.
Human Papillomavirus is transmitted from one person to the other through skin contact, which explains why women’s genital warts are caused by sexual intercourse.
Apart from groin warts just appearing on the surface of the anus or vagina, they can also grow on the interior portions of these openings. They have a chance of forming on the walls of the cervix as well. Genital warts can grow in the mouth or on the tongue after engaging in oral sex.
Symptoms of Genital Warts in Women
It’s not always easy to notice genital warts since they range in size and sometimes appear in unseen areas of the body. Large warts will take the form of subdued, swollen grey bumps. Venereal warts may take the form of cauliflower when they grow in a group.
These are not just unsightly bumps and should be taken seriously. A woman infected with genital warts will experience some itching around the genital area and bleeding when she engages in sexual intercourse.
Women’s genital warts have been associated with cervical cancer, and some strains of HPV are associated with vulva and anus cancer. Complications during pregnancy are likely to occur when warts from inside the vagina.
Treatment for Women’s Genital Warts
Some genital warts appear and disappear after a few weeks, but the virus which causes these warts may remain active inside the body. This will cause the repeat occurrence of warts while also increasing the chances of infecting sexual partners regardless of the presence of any symptoms.
It is recommended not to use over the counter treatments for genital warts. Instead, seek a doctor to examine and prescribe topical treatments. Minor surgeries can be used to remove stubborn warts as well. Electrocautery, cryosurgery, laser, and excision are common methods used to remove genital warts.
Genital warts are treatable, and it’s best to speak with a medical professional at the first onset of conditions to minimize any damage and limit the spread of the virus. Moreover, a doctor’s visit can also ensure you do not have a cancerous tumor.
Using a protective mechanism like a condom or a dental dam during intercourse can go a long way in preventing an infected person from spreading venereal warts to another person.